Colonists from the East Coast moved in, but rather than finding an empty frontier, they encountered people of the Miami, Delaware, Wyandot, Shawnee, and Mingo nations, as well as European traders.The tribes resisted expansion by the fledgling United States, leading to years of bitter conflict.
In the 18th century European traders flocked to the area, attracted by the fur trade.
The area found itself frequently caught between warring factions, including American Indian and European interests.
In the 1740s, Pennsylvania traders overran the territory until the French forcibly evicted them.
In the early 1750s the Ohio Company sent George Washington to the Ohio Country to survey.
Fighting for control of the territory in the French and Indian War (1754-1763) became part of the international Seven Years' War (1756-1763).
During this period the region routinely suffered turmoil, massacres and battles.The 1763 Treaty of Paris ceded the Ohio Country to the British Empire.After the American Revolution, the Ohio Country became part of the Virginia Military District, under the control of the United States.A carousel is a rotating set of images, rotation stops on keyboard focus on carousel tab controls or hovering the mouse pointer over images.Use the tabs or the previous and next buttons to change the displayed slide.It is Ohio's third largest metropolitan area, behind Cleveland and Cincinnati. Census Bureau, the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area (which also includes Marion, Chillicothe, and Mount Vernon) has a population of 2,424,831, making it the second largest metropolitan area in Ohio behind Cleveland.