Belmondo was born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, west of Paris.Belmondo's father, Paul Belmondo, was a Pied-Noir sculptor who was born in Algeria of Italian descent, whose parents were of Sicilian and Piedmontese origin.
He won three straight first round knockout victories from 1949 to 1950.
He studied under Raymond Giraud then when to the Conservatoire of Dramatic Arts when he was twenty. He would likely have won the prize for best actor but participated in a sketch mocking the school, which offended the jury; this resulted in him only getting an honourable mention, "which nearly set off a riot among his incensed fellow students" in August 1956 according to one report.
Belmondo began touring the provinces with friends including Annie Girardot and Guy Bedos.
Belmondo first appeared in the short Moliere (1956).
His first film role was a scene with Jean-Pierre Cassel in On Foot, on Horse, and on Wheels (1957), which was cut from the final film; however he had a bigger part in the follow up A Dog, a Mouse and a Sputnik (1958).
Belmondo had a small role in the comedy Be Beautiful But Shut Up (1958) (alongside a young Alain Delon), followed by a role as a gangster in Young Sinners (1958), directed by Marcel Carne.
Jean Luc Godard directed him in a short, Charlotte and Her Boyfriend (1958), where Belmondo's voice was dubbed by Goddard.
He supported Bourvil and Arletty in Sunday Encounter (1958).
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The 73rd Venice International Film Festival, organized by La Biennale di Venezia, ran at Venice Lido from August 31st to September 10th, 2016, directed by Alberto Barbera.