Name: In some of the Greek uncials (Codex Vaticanus, etc.) of the Septuagint the book is called Esdras, Codex Alexandrinus (or Proton); so in the editions of Fritzsche, Tischendorf, Nestle and Swete.
It is absent from Codex Sinaiticus and in Codex Alexandrinus its name is Ho Hiereus = The Priest, i.e. It is also called 1 Esdras in the old Latin and Syriac VSS, as well as in the English, Welsh and other modern translations.
Esdra online dating xxx rape in cpus
The Vulgate, following Jerome's version, gave the names 1, 2 and 3 Esdras to our Ezra, Nehemiah, and 1 Esdras, respectively, and in editions of the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 AD.) down to that of Pope Sixtus (died 1590) these three books appear in that order.
The name 3 Esdras is, therefore, that current in the Roman church, and it has the sanction of the 6th article of the Anglican Creed and of Miles Coverdale who in his translation follows the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 AD.) in naming the canonical Ezra, Nehemiah and the apocryphal 1 Esdras, 1, 2 and 3 Esdras, respectively. In Fritzsche's commentary on the Apocrypha 3 Esdras is preferred and he treats this book first.
In Kautzsch's German edition of the Apocrypha and in most recent German works the Latin designation 3 is revived.
The English commentators Bissell (Lange) and Wace (Speaker's Commentary) follow the custom of the Bible and speak of 1 Esdras, placing the book first in the collection, and this is the prevailing custom among English Protestant theologians.
The name 2 Esdras has also been given to this book, the canonical Ezra and Nehemiah being then counted as one--1 Esdras.
See Origen quoted by HE, V, 25; Zunz, Der Gottesdienst, Vortrage Berlin, 1832, 15. Contents: With the exception of 1 Esdras 3:1-5:6--the incident of the royal banquet and the contest for a prize of the three young men--the present books agree in everything essential, down to the minutest details, with the canonical Ezra and part of 2 Chronicles and Nehemiah.
Before discussing the relation between 1 Esdras and the Biblical books named (see next section), it will be advantageous to give an outline of the book now specially under consideration, with reference to the parallel passages in the corresponding parts of the Canon.
It will be seen that practically the whole of Ezr is concerned, and for explanations of the parts common to this book and to Ne reference may be made to the Century Bible Commentary on Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther. 1 Esdras 1 = 2 Chronicles 35:1- and maybe analyzed thus: 1 Esdras 1:1-20 = 2 Chronicles 35:1-19: Josiah's great Passover. 1 Esdras -31 = 2 Chronicles -27: The death of Josiah.
This took place on the battlefield at Megiddo according to 2 Kings , but 1 Esdras and 2 Chronicles say he died at Jerusalem. Certain Persian officials in Samaria induced King Artaxerxes I (died 424 BC) to stop the work of rebuilding the temple, which is not resumed until the second year of the reign of Darius Hystaspis (519 BC). 1 Esdras 3:1-5:6 has no parallel in any part of the Old Testament. ) makes a great feast, after which he returns to his bedchamber but finds sleeping very difficult.
1 Esdras -58 = 2 Chronicles 36:1-21, closing years of the monarchy followed by the exile in Babylon. 1 Esdras 2:1-15 = Ezra 1:1-11: The return from Babylon through the edict of Cyrus. Three young men belonging to his bodyguard resolve each to make a sentence to be written down and placed under the king's pillow, so that upon rising from his bed he might hear the three sayings read to him.
The question which each one seeks to answer is, What in this world is strongest?