Even “non-believers” amongst Hindus and those who are not Hindus often consult a panjika for much of the practical information it publishes.It also records Muslim, Christian and other festivals, dates of birth and death of many leading personalities and carries informative articles on astrology.
It is the main source and evidence of Odisha history.
Pathani samanta Chandra Sekar (1835 to 1904) has revived the Oriya panjika in a scientific way.
There are two schools of panjika-makers in Bengal - Driksiddhanta (Bisuddhasiddhanta Panjika) and Odriksiddhanta (Gupta Press, PM Bagchi, etc.).
They dictate the days on which festivals are to be held.
is a Bengali Panchang/Almanac which was first published in 1869 from Kolkata to cater to the growing necessity of having a codified book of ceremonies; something like a reference frame, a book of lists, an ephemeris rolled into one that would satisfy the entire cross-section of the populace.
An almanac in the Bengali vernacular, it proved to be the first commercial venture in the area of operation.
True there were others Bengali Panchang/Almanac, but none at such a refined or large scale.
The history of this Bengali almanac stretches from a time when our country was reeling under the British rule.
Religion & rituals which have always been an integral part of Bengali society, came under direct threat from a torrent of Western thoughts.
Codified religious canons and tenets, correct procedure of rituals and ceremonies found it almost impossible to bear the onslaught of "modernism" and "pragmatism" preached by the western Indians there was a void which had to be filled by an authentic religious manual.
published in Maithili, Assamese, Bengali and Oriya. It is somewhat a ready-reckoner, or the first source, before one approaches a priest or an astrologer to decide on the details.