Manuel José de Araújo Porto-Alegre, Baron of Santo Ângelo (November 29, 1806 – December 30, 1879), was a Brazilian Romantic writer, painter, architect, diplomat and professor, considered to be one of the first Brazilian editorial cartoonists ever.
He is the patron of the 32nd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
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Later on, he finally changed it to its definitive form: Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre.
In 1826, he moved to Rio de Janeiro, in order to study painting with Jean-Baptiste Debret at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (at the time called the Academia Imperial de Belas Artes).
He also studied at what is now the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras and took a Medicine course and Philosophy.
In 1831, he left Brazil along with Debret to Europe, in order to improve his painting techniques.
He would publish in this periodic his poem Brasiliana.
In 1844, alongside Torres Homem, he founded the humoristic magazine Lanterna Mágica, where he published his caricatures.In 1849, Porto-Alegre founded the magazine Guanabara, alongside Joaquim Manuel de Macedo and Gonçalves Dias.The magazine, considered the official journal of the Romantic movement in Brazil, lasted until 1856.In 1835, he went to Italy, where he met Gonçalves de Magalhães, another Brazilian poet.He and Magalhães would create in France, in the year of 1837, a short-lived magazine named Niterói, alongside Francisco de Sales Torres Homem.Also in 1837, he becomes history painting teacher at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes, in a post that would last until 1848, when he would become a drawing teacher at the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras, and starts doing his first caricatures.